Saturday, December 5, 2015

Digestive System Involvement In Scleroderma (part 2 of 2)

How Is The Digestive System Affected By Scleroderma?

Scleroderma can affect organs in the digestive system just as it could affect any other organ. The weakening would usually begin in the esophagus then work its way down into the intestines. If the esophagus is affected by scleroderma, the patient will have difficulty having food pushed down which is a result of scleroderma interfering with peristalsis. After that, the next organ to be affected would usually be the stomach.

When scleroderma affects the stomach, this would usually involve digesting problems that could later result to further complications. This would happen especially when scleroderma would begin to develop in other digestive organs such as the intestines and the liver. While damages can be limited, effects of scleroderma cannot be reversed. However, treatment is possible.

How Can This Be Treated?

Scleroderma has no known cause and with that, there is no single cure that can reverse the effects of all cases of scleroderma. Treatment for scleroderma is case specific and the approach to treating it is more focused on limiting damage and relieving a patient from symptoms rather than attempting to completely remove scleroderma from a patient. Treatment can be in the form of medications, rehabilitation therapies or surgery which would depend on the case the patient is suffering.

This case of scleroderma is quite severe and could lead to a fatality however with careful medications; it is very possible for a case of gastro-intestinal involvement of scleroderma to be treated. Various medications such as anti-secretory agents, pro-motility agents and bacteria suppressing antibiotics have been proven to effectively treat some cases of gastro-intestinal involvement in scleroderma.

Digestive System Involvement In Scleroderma (part 1 of 2)


While the most common cases of scleroderma would show different effects on the skin, it is followed by gastro-intestinal involvement that would account for 75 to 90% of all cases. Since the main symptom of systemic scleroderma would involve having limitations in the activities of the affected organs, people with gastro-intestinal involvement in scleroderma would experience mostly digesting problems that could interfere with their day-to-day life.

When the digestive system is involved in scleroderma, the walls of the affected area thicken as a result of it. With that, blood flow towards the affected organ is limited, thus limiting the functions of that organ. Persons with this can either have it in only one organ or more at the same time.

Who Can Have It?

There is no identified cause of scleroderma and with that; there is no accurate way of telling who can have it. Statistics however reported that it can happen to all people regardless of any classifications although it appears in some more than it does on others. Any form of scleroderma is more likely to appear in women than it is in men. It also appears usually between the ages of 30 and 60. It is inherent in the Native American Choctaw tribe, in African American Women and rarely occurs in Northern Asians.

Fortunately, most cases of scleroderma come in the mild form which would only affect the skin and although it can disable a patient, it tends not to be fatal most of the time. Some people however suffer from the severe form of it which is systemic sclerosis. Since this would affect organ functions by having the antibodies attack them, this is more fatal and quite difficult to handle.

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Managing Moods Swings in Bipolar Babies and Young Children (part 2 of 2)

Taking care of mood swings in bipolar babies
It is very important that a proper diagnosis is performed.  This is so that any underlying conditions that may be causing the mood swings in the baby may be eliminated.  This is because in some cases, bipolar disorder can only be a component of a bigger condition.  A wrong diagnosis can not only prevent a child from getting the help he/she deserves, his health could also be placed in jeopardy if medications that are not appropriate for his condition are prescribed.

If bipolar disorder is indeed diagnosed, then it would be easier for the parents and the doctor to discuss which types of treatments may be helpful for the child.  It's important that parents understand the kind of demands expected from them when in comes to taking care of a bipolar baby.  Therapies, medications, certain adjustments in diet and lifestyle, are just a few of the things that they have to be aware of.

Parents should also keep records of any improvements or unusual behavior in their babies during the prescribed treatment period.  During consultations with the doctor, any new observations should be discussed.

Parents should also try to obtain updated information regarding bipolar disorder in babies.  Other than online resources, there are also professional associations and groups that offer not just news, facts and statistics but also much-needed support.  Joining online forums can also be helpful because many parents who have bipolar babies themselves frequently offer their own hands-on advice, something that inexperienced parents will find valuable.

There is no reason why a bipolar baby suffering from mood swings at a young age cannot grow up and become a healthy, fully functional adult.  The key is for parents to ensure early diagnosis and treatment and sufficient medical, emotional and physical support for the child.

Managing Moods Swings in Bipolar Babies and Young Children (part 1 of 2)

Bipolar disorder is a condition that is often diagnosed only in teens and adults.  However, there are rising cases of children and babies being diagnosed as bipolars.  In fact, there are very young children who are currently being treated for this illness.  When mood swings are to be expected as a result of this disorder, it can be quite a challenge for parents and caregivers to take care of a bipolar child.

Understanding bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is a medical illness that is characterized by marked changes in temperament, behavior and mood swings.  Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic depression.  It is a rather serious condition but it can be treated through medications and therapy.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder include:

- irritability
- mood swings
- anger or rages
- destructive behavior
- separation anxiety
- melancholia
- no interest in play
- insomnia or difficulty in sleeping
- bed wetting
- nightmares
- restlessness and agitation
- extreme elation followed by extreme depression
- agitation
- food cravings
- uncontrollable tantrums

The most important aspect of treating and managing bipolar disorder is early diagnosis and intervention.  The symptoms of this disorder can appear in infancy and bipolar babies can be checked early by a medical professional so the correct treatment can be prescribed.

Is bipolar disorder common in babies?
There are no studies yet that will show how common the illness is among infants and young children.  What is known, though, is that only as many as 2% of the adult population in the world have the disorder.  It is also observed that children who have ADHD (attention deficit disorder) showed symptoms of bipolar early on in infancy.

Sunday, November 29, 2015

How Merchant Account Works (part 2 of 2)

The electric request goes to a network.  There is processing network set up  to handle these requests.  This network handles the business of requesting funds from the customers’ bank or credit card  and them letting the merchant know that it is approved.

When the bank has already received the decision about the funds from the managements, it sends approval through the network.  An authorization code is electronically issued and passed through the network until it reaches your computer or the credit card terminal. If there is something wrong, you will be notified that the transaction has been declined. Amazingly, this whole process, thought it seems long, only takes a few seconds.

Customer receipts are issued when they already have the decision about the funds. Approved, the merchant’s terminal will print the receipt, or an electronic receipt will appear online for the customer to print out him or herself, if the transaction is completed via the Internet.

The transaction for the day is then settled and called the batch. This is something else that requires a request made electronically over the processing network. All the authorization codes are checked against the purchases and other transactions. Then the transactions are sent to the credit card companies and to the banks for final settlement before the cardholders' accounts are officially debited.

Batch funds are deposited into your acc ount. After the settlement, the funds will be directed to your account. However, this is a process that takes two or three days.

A good merchant account provider will bring together the elements needed to obtain  merchant status.  This allows the business to efficiently process the payments made by the customer and provide the customer the best customer experience.

How Merchant Account Works (part 1 of 2)

Merchant accounts are similar to bank accounts.  With merchant account, businesses can accept payments made through credit cards and debit cards.  There are two kinds of merchant accounts:  over the counter merchant accounts and money  order merchant accounts.

Some people think that getting an approval when applying for a merchant account is difficult.  Accepting credit card payments is nor a costly, since there willl only be a small amount deducted when processing a credit card or  a transaction. Normally, merchant account  application can be processed within four hours.  Some business owners, based on their experience, advise that  if the processing of the application form last for more than two weeks, then it would be better to change to a new service provider.

Remember, that there are banks that requires the business owners who would like to have the service, fulfill a number of obligations before opening the account.  Some merchant service providers require that applicants have a checking account.  Sometimes, business licenses and certificates are also checked.

Additional requirements can also be demanded and checked by the account supplier.  For example, for corporations, the federal tax identification number is required.  While for a sole proprietor business owner, social security number is required.

If ever the merchant or business owner claimed to be bankrupt, the claim must be at least 90 days old before a merchant will be accepted  for some merchant accounts.  Also, all of the merchants or business owners must at least 18 years of age.

First, the payment is received by the merchant through the customers’ card.  This can be done with physical swipe process at the credit card terminal.  The customer can also enter the credit  card number when finishing or making a transaction through online payment software.

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Knitting Instructions (part 2 of 2)

To learn the purling which is an important stitch you have to follow the instructions. Bring the yarn in front of the needle and pull the right hand needle in the first loop, on the left needle, in the right to left direction. Passing the yarn around the back of the right needle, draw the loop backwards to allow the stitch to slip. But always keep in mind that the yarn should be in front of the work.

Once you master these two stitches, you can also try other stitches like the stockinet stitch, just follow some knitting instructions. To produce this you have to knit the first row, purl the second and work in this order. If you use a circular needles or a sock needle you can knit continuously.

Once you start practicing your knitting talents, you can even learn the increasing and decreasing method, or the methods of binding off, and to work even. These methods help you in creating variations in your knitting projects.

By following some simple knitting instructions, you can also learn weaving the stockinet stitch. Using a darning needle, join the ends of the piece. Draw the yarn in the first stitch on the upper piece, by inserting the needles from the wrong side. Then insert the needles from the right side of the lower piece in the first stitch.

By working in this manner you can weave the two pieces of the project using the stockinet stitch. Just make sure that you fasten your yarn before breaking off.
By using these knitting instructions you can create beautiful projects, by using simple stitches. Hence, along with some recreation you can also polish talents.